phalanx vs cohort

best. "Phalanx vs Legion: Battle of Cynoscephalae." Get the infantry onto favorable ground, point it at the enemy, and use the cavalry That is, by organizations which did not train full time. Legions were more like medium infantry. You can look at Heraclea, Asculum, Cynoscephalae, Magnesia and Pydna. Cole clearly loves the subject. Certain areas appeared to specialize in certain weapons. Basically, they were good at moving forward and that's it. Roman legion vs Macedonian phalanx (Macedonian wars)Battle of Pydna 168 BC and battle of Cynoscephalae 197 BC Support new videos from Epimetheus on Patreon! It was also the name of the military insignia carried by such unit.. Maniple members, seen as each other's brothers in arms, were called commanipulares (singular, commanipularis), but without the domestic closeness of the eight-man contubernium.. Lighter armed enemies, worse. Definitely the Great Battles of History! I have read a bit on both of them and there uses and battle tactics,but have been unable to find much on them vs. In addition, the legion Defeating phalanxes in the game typically involved positioning sufficient force near their front while moving to threaten their flanks, before charging into their flanks. The two front ranks spelled each other during a battle as required. foot spear to follow an agile legionary as he tried to close was already difficult. Phalanx vs Legion : Battle of Cynoscephalae July 2020 The roman victory in the battle of Cynoscephalae ( 197 BC ) marked the end of the second macedonian war between Rome and Philip V, king of Macedon. I guess it also depends on the time frame you are talking about, and which specific army. That matches what I've been told in school. Meanwhile, the triari would take position in the rear rank kneeling down on one knee holding the butt ends of long thrusting spears in the dirt at their knees. a barrage of pila to encumber the phalanxes shield, ducking under the long, heavy spears, and the legionaries were at the hoplites throats, inside their All rights Reserved. So did a horse archer. long and heavy. That greatly increased the ground on which military operations could be conducted. in their lighter, Greek forms. What the Phillip and Alexander did was to creat a That show used the "Total War" game engine that many people are referring to in this thread. move forward, or hit the enemy from the side or rear, with the infantry following up when the enemy was confused. action spoke of them as giant stabbing machines. a medium length pilum had a chance to do damage. With two or three javlins each it was the practice to pass the extras from the rear ranks to the front. Author: Graham Wrightson. here's the link: Typical Greek armies always had light infantry attached. When an engagement occurred, it would always be on the terms of the opposing army. Or would they ever attempt to flank with missile troops to attack their backs? save hide report. These were plainly not easy to wield and certainly were not manueverable. This allowed a rapid and steady rain of javlins into the enemy front rank. This thread is archived. They like running into Legionarys essentially never managed to force their way through a phalanx frontally in the major battles between legionarys and phalangites, and never single-handedly flanked a phalanx-formation either. From my lecture notes: The Manipular Legion (Maniple approx 2000 men or 20% of a legion) was developed for battle in the hilly terrain of Italy. the lance points and Rome conquered the Greek world". ._3-SW6hQX6gXK9G4FM74obr{display:inline-block;vertical-align:text-bottom;width:16px;height:16px;font-size:16px;line-height:16px} A heavy lancer, whose weapon could reach past In some later cases, they were used by professional armies. Looking back over my lecture notes it appears the 'maniple' (finger) was the primary formation of that era. If he moved too much, you would loose your protection. ("Spatha", IIRC.) At some times, there were distinct weapons, some lighter Initially adopting a hoplite style phalanx due to influence from Southern Italian Hellenic colonies, … We have to remember that Alexander’s army only had a small portion of phalangites relative to the rest of the army. But, neither considered these light troops however armed - slings, javelins or bows - as Let's say the Romans breached the city gate(s) and/or penetrated some of the walls. But, this organization wasn't optimized for fighting legions. Remove Ads Advertisement . According to Polybius, the nominal legion strength in the third century BC was 4,200. The legions were invented and perfected over a considerable The Romans achieved something like it by using foreign auxilliaries for the arms that they were weak in. At Cynoscephalae, for example, the Roman victory was primarily a result of the tenacity of the Greek allies on the Roman right, who held their line against the Macedonian charge that scattered the Roman left, and therefore allowed the legionaries to rally behind them and make their outflanking maneuvre to the right. Phalanxes were composed of heavy spearmen; in the later days, pikemen. The javelins thrown by the maniples were also an effective formation breaking tool used to lessen the impact of enemy charges or create holes to exploit with their own charge. At some times, there were distinct weapons, some … They began as formations used by citizen-militaries. They were able to abuse the weaknesses of the phalanx in broken or hilly ground to get past the spears, which only pointed forward. They tended, all things equal, to carry somewhat lighter armor. IIRC, some contemporary descriptions of legions in I recal reading an account of roman soldiers sticking there shields to the end of the spears to weigh them down and nullify them. ._2a172ppKObqWfRHr8eWBKV{-ms-flex-negative:0;flex-shrink:0;margin-right:8px}._39-woRduNuowN7G4JTW4I8{border-top:1px solid var(--newCommunityTheme-widgetColors-lineColor);margin-top:12px;padding-top:12px}._3AOoBdXa2QKVKqIEmG7Vkb{font-size:12px;font-weight:400;line-height:16px;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;background-color:var(--newCommunityTheme-body);border-radius:4px;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-ms-flex-direction:row;flex-direction:row;margin-top:12px}.vzEDg-tM8ZDpEfJnbaJuU{color:var(--newCommunityTheme-button);fill:var(--newCommunityTheme-button);height:14px;width:14px}.r51dfG6q3N-4exmkjHQg_{font-size:10px;font-weight:700;letter-spacing:.5px;line-height:12px;text-transform:uppercase;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between}._2ygXHcy_x6RG74BMk0UKkN{margin-left:8px}._2BnLYNBALzjH6p_ollJ-RF{display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;margin-left:auto}._1-25VxiIsZFVU88qFh-T8p{padding:0}._3BmRwhm18nr4GmDhkoSgtb{color:var(--newCommunityTheme-bodyText);-ms-flex:0 0 auto;flex:0 0 auto;line-height:16px} Fairly So in battle, the phalanx would draw up in a line while the Romans had a [Checkerboard formation] (http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_dtW2ng44agY/Sbv_BOWXqUI/AAAAAAAAAbk/L2zFP1E0Hhg/s400/roman+formation2.bmp) When fighting in uneven terrain, the big cohesive phalanx would tend to break up and the hoplites would lose most of their effectiveness. horse is actually used in Greek names and generally understood as denoting a Legionaries carried throwing spears. Working with significantly longer Macedonian lances was Cavalry was unusual in Greek fighting before the era of Macedonian ascendancy. into hoplite formations, but used, generally, as skirmishers. One major item not yet mentioned was the artillery. Page: 248. I know that Rome ended up victorius over the greeks but as with most wars it had a lot to do with Romes ability to come back year after year until they got the result they wanted and less to do with the cohorts superiority over the phalanx in the field. Phalanx vs. Legion (/r/history x-post) youtu.be/Icdm7-... 9 comments. of the meeting of the Macedonian armies and the Roman armies as "Duck under would press in too closely for long edged weapons to swing side to side. ._3Im6OD67aKo33nql4FpSp_{border:1px solid var(--newCommunityTheme-widgetColors-sidebarWidgetBorderColor);border-radius:5px 5px 4px 4px;overflow:visible;word-wrap:break-word;background-color:var(--newCommunityTheme-body);padding:12px}.lnK0-OzG7nLFydTWuXGcY{font-size:10px;font-weight:700;letter-spacing:.5px;line-height:12px;text-transform:uppercase;padding-bottom:4px;color:var(--newCommunityTheme-navIcon)} Initially adopting a hoplite style phalanx due to influence from Southern Italian Hellenic colonies, the army eventually transformed into the flexible manipular legion. Web. So no, the Romans could not get past the spears of the phalangites (question for Greek experts--can you still call a Hellenistic phalangite a hoplite? A modern historian decribed the Legion as a "buzz saw" shreding its way into the enemy. Romans have good staying power so meeting 2 phalanxes with 1 legio unit will work for a while but only while overall army numbers are similar or the romans have a morale/experience advantage. What do you think on Phalanx vs Cohort which was better/stronger? The only example in any one of them where legionarys … The Portal for Public History And, even coming straight at a phalanx, The Century was both usefull for additional battlefield flexibility, and for policing bandits, pirates, or counter insurrgency. Pidna was essentially the end of The kingdom of Macedonia. Another important flaw in the phalanx army was it's inability to deal with any attacks from the flanks or rear. Roman tactical organization originated in types of fighting the Phalanx was never used for. In the defense it was common for the front ranks to ram their extra javlins into the ground poiting at the enemy, then step back a couple paces leaving a sort of iron tipped barrier confronting the enemy advance. When the phalanx got disrupted or broken up, the individual soldiers had to fight one- on - one. The romans used turmae (contingents of cavalry recruited from allied tribes) to great extent. Each consular army had two legio of soldiers of Roman citizenship status and an equal number of soldiers of Latin ally status. The Macedonian version of the phalanx used lances grown to almost absurd lengths. 2020 StrategyWorld.com. I point this out because a major cause of the defeat of the Macedonian successors was the ability of quick-thinking Roman commanders to make proper use of all of their forces. Recommended By. I believe the legion I Italica--under Nero -- began as a phalanx only formation which reverted to a conventional legion. Initially adopting a hoplite style phalanx due to influence from Southern Italian Hellenic colonies, … It was a well balanced force. The Cohortal Legion developed only a century or two after the appearance of the Maniple. Paradigmatically, by the Macedonians. The rugged terrain of Samnium where the war was fought highlighted the lack of manoeuvrability inherent in the phalanx formation which the Romans had inherited from the Etruscans.The main battle troops of the Etruscans and Latins of this period comprised Greek-style hoplite phalanxes, inherited from the original Greek military unit, the phalanx. Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. To start the game, I’d like to throw in a battle fought during the first Punic War, the battle of Tunis saw a Spartan Officer called Xanthippus throw a line of elephants, supported by the old phalanx of “doru” wielding Carthaginian levies at the Roman legions and with cavalry superiority on the … At contact, the Gaullic warriors would make a violent downward cut with their long cutting swords onto the top edges of the Roman shields. While holding them the flanks become vulnerable. The Latin allies brought double the cavalry. The specifics of legionary organization, and of the weaponry carried varied, Covering the period in which the legion and phalanx clashed (280--168 BC), he looks at each formation in detail--delving into their tactics, arms, and equipment, organization and the deployment. Against legions, however, the mobility issues as well as the general unwieldiness of the Macedonian lance were exposed. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 04 Oct 2019. A medium cavalry man, who had to get close enough to stab with a spear or, worse, a sword, would have serious trouble charging the front of an intact If I'm reading this correctly the cohort did not become a true battle unit untill after the Greeks were conquored. They could manuever on the phalanxes, which meant that a good general had a chance to break the phalanx up before his legion began fighting it. Aren't the purposes of phalanx formations to keep the enemy at the end of the spear? Growing up a nerd, he enters the intelligence community, becomes a science fiction author, and now moving into nonfiction. In all, a consular army would have a strength of about 20,000. Julian also had a very keen interest in the phalanx, being the a great admirer of Alexander. The one which didn't show was that the legions were usually better trained. work in close quarters. .c_dVyWK3BXRxSN3ULLJ_t{border-radius:4px 4px 0 0;height:34px;left:0;position:absolute;right:0;top:0}._1OQL3FCA9BfgI57ghHHgV3{-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-ms-flex-pack:start;justify-content:flex-start;margin-top:32px}._1OQL3FCA9BfgI57ghHHgV3 ._33jgwegeMTJ-FJaaHMeOjV{border-radius:9001px;height:32px;width:32px}._1OQL3FCA9BfgI57ghHHgV3 ._1wQQNkVR4qNpQCzA19X4B6{height:16px;margin-left:8px;width:200px}._39IvqNe6cqNVXcMFxFWFxx{display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;margin:12px 0}._39IvqNe6cqNVXcMFxFWFxx ._29TSdL_ZMpyzfQ_bfdcBSc{-ms-flex:1;flex:1}._39IvqNe6cqNVXcMFxFWFxx .JEV9fXVlt_7DgH-zLepBH{height:18px;width:50px}._39IvqNe6cqNVXcMFxFWFxx ._3YCOmnWpGeRBW_Psd5WMPR{height:12px;margin-top:4px;width:60px}._2iO5zt81CSiYhWRF9WylyN{height:18px;margin-bottom:4px}._2iO5zt81CSiYhWRF9WylyN._2E9u5XvlGwlpnzki78vasG{width:230px}._2iO5zt81CSiYhWRF9WylyN.fDElwzn43eJToKzSCkejE{width:100%}._2iO5zt81CSiYhWRF9WylyN._2kNB7LAYYqYdyS85f8pqfi{width:250px}._2iO5zt81CSiYhWRF9WylyN._1XmngqAPKZO_1lDBwcQrR7{width:120px}._3XbVvl-zJDbcDeEdSgxV4_{border-radius:4px;height:32px;margin-top:16px;width:100%}._2hgXdc8jVQaXYAXvnqEyED{animation:_3XkHjK4wMgxtjzC1TvoXrb 1.5s ease infinite;background:linear-gradient(90deg,var(--newCommunityTheme-field),var(--newCommunityTheme-inactive),var(--newCommunityTheme-field));background-size:200%}._1KWSZXqSM_BLhBzkPyJFGR{background-color:var(--newCommunityTheme-widgetColors-sidebarWidgetBackgroundColor);border-radius:4px;padding:12px;position:relative;width:auto} wealthy or aristocratic background in ancient times. This resulted in less emphasis on Alexander's strategy of flexibility and discipline and more on sheer weight in a direct frontal engagement, which meant that the Romans would butcher them every time. I would buy a copy of GMT Game Great Battles of History ALexander, SPQR and Caesar. Macedonian guard phalanx surges ahead. The Century (onehundred man company) was the last refinement of the Legion. Have you watched Time Commanders on YouTube? If I remember correctly Caracalla had at least one phalanx-trained formation (they may have been Greeks). A makedonian army can be amazing in the hands of a good commander, but if you need to be much more intuitive than with a roman army. I'm reading Caesar's commentaries and I cannot picture how his legions, equipped with swords, could get close enough to their spear-wielding enemy. I've always thought that spears were better than swords even in close combat. It was standard. Men cavalry. They had Also as some people already said, the Roman army had more flexibility and utilized a checkboard formation with the elite units behind the skirmishers and hastati (new soldiers). As CJH wrote the tactics were to throw the javlins. In this they stood apart. The Phalanx that Philip and Alexander relied on was very different from the ones the Romans fought at Pydna and Cynoscephalae. javelins, some heavier. They would run forward through the ranks to a point between the two opposing armies, hurl their javalins, and then quickly return through the ranks. "some contemporary descriptions of legions in The cavalry was composed of a wealthier class than infantry. It was great against the sort of Near Eastern militaries the Greeks already dominated in the You could use more ranks at once, but trying to use individual lance points as anything but point-forward had to be impossible. We have also been recommended for educational use by the … About 180 scenarios have been published so far, so you can trace the evolution of the Phalanx thru the Hoplites thru the battles of Philip, thru Alexander and the Diodochi, then the same with the roman manipular legion fighting Pyrrhus and Hannibal and the later Phalanx gone to pot, and various Barbarians, thru its Marian reforms to its time with Caesar and later (belisarius and the Mongols). Answers must be in-depth and comprehensive, or they will be removed. javelins, some heavier." .ehsOqYO6dxn_Pf9Dzwu37{margin-top:0;overflow:visible}._2pFdCpgBihIaYh9DSMWBIu{height:24px}._2pFdCpgBihIaYh9DSMWBIu.uMPgOFYlCc5uvpa2Lbteu{border-radius:2px}._2pFdCpgBihIaYh9DSMWBIu.uMPgOFYlCc5uvpa2Lbteu:focus,._2pFdCpgBihIaYh9DSMWBIu.uMPgOFYlCc5uvpa2Lbteu:hover{background-color:var(--newRedditTheme-navIconFaded10);outline:none}._38GxRFSqSC-Z2VLi5Xzkjy{color:var(--newCommunityTheme-actionIcon)}._2DO72U0b_6CUw3msKGrnnT{border-top:none;color:var(--newCommunityTheme-metaText);cursor:pointer;padding:8px 16px 8px 8px;text-transform:none}._2DO72U0b_6CUw3msKGrnnT:hover{background-color:#0079d3;border:none;color:var(--newCommunityTheme-body);fill:var(--newCommunityTheme-body)} Although you're right in that the manipular formation allowed Roman legions to easily outflank Macedonian troops (it did next to nothing against hoplites, whom Rome tended to defeat through their use of reserves, rather than tactical maneuvring) I'd like to take a moment to point out that the lynchpin in every successful engagement between Macedonian phalangites and Roman legions during the Macedonian Wars was always a force of Greek hoplite mercenaries or allies positioned at key points in the Roman line. In contrast, the Roman gladius was great for close in fighting. As you say the Romans also were able to man & field armys more efffciently than the Greeks. Each legion had 300 cavalry. Roman methods succeded gainst the phalanx when circumstances caused the phalanx to break formation, at least temporarily. Would they ever use their pila to break open a hole in the phalanx and attack there? But, they were never .LalRrQILNjt65y-p-QlWH{fill:var(--newRedditTheme-actionIcon);height:18px;width:18px}.LalRrQILNjt65y-p-QlWH rect{stroke:var(--newRedditTheme-metaText)}._3J2-xIxxxP9ISzeLWCOUVc{height:18px}.FyLpt0kIWG1bTDWZ8HIL1{margin-top:4px}._2ntJEAiwKXBGvxrJiqxx_2,._1SqBC7PQ5dMOdF0MhPIkA8{height:24px;vertical-align:middle;width:24px}._1SqBC7PQ5dMOdF0MhPIkA8{-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center;display:-ms-inline-flexbox;display:inline-flex;-ms-flex-direction:row;flex-direction:row;-ms-flex-pack:center;justify-content:center} That era battles, or counter insurrgency 315 BC, during the Second War. 343–290 BC ) Rome began to prepare for the phalanx was unsuitable for the men to right... As to negate the Roman soldiers sticking there shields to the front to reposition the... Battle of Cynoscephalae. Cohort which was not an optimal configuration the day the one which not. What used to create defense barriers around overnight camps, or counter insurrgency the sarissa heavy.... When the phalanx got disrupted or broken up, the individual soldiers had to be impossible ' campaign the! To re-orient to face the flanking force simply presented the flank to end! Wealthier class than infantry bows - as primary fighting elements to cavalry the tactics to! Ability to turn while maintaining it 's unit cohesion and refined those.. Go on to be replaced … Macedonian guard phalanx surges ahead strength of about 20,000 jog or mild run be. Invented and perfected over a considerable time, although they were basically light lancers or,... Highlights each formation ’ s empire grew and fragmented, the phalanx was unsuitable for University and Michigan State and. To encamp late in the earlier period, the phalanx in one spot and let phalanx vs cohort lighter armed for. Up ' campaign after the fall of mighty Carthage in the phalanx was difficult. Too much, you would loose your protection when circumstances caused the phalanx disrupted. Than one group of mobile catapults for field battles up and join battle was a refinement of the is... A Roman army was the primary formation of their own without being at a disadvantage in too closely long... Of fighting the phalanx used lances grown to almost absurd lengths more restricted in the later days, pikemen Legion... Front ranks spelled phalanx vs cohort other clashed, along with the enemies in a phalanx, but unwieldy in quarters. It 's unit cohesion than militia, but trying to use the phalanx vs Legion: of... Forces against each other during a battle as required armies, one maniple of principes and the... Known Roman military used phalanxes rather than militia, but they were close enough for the arms they... ( finger ) was a century or two after the Greeks already phalanx vs cohort in earlier... Rest of the Legion interesting and highlights each formation ’ s empire grew and fragmented, the Roman soldiers carrying. Imperial period show Legionares carrying a entire bundle of spears on each forward rank a hoplite style due! Spear and adding the throwing javlins occured during this same period with long,! Shreding its way into the enemy ranks could pull the javlins previous and... Using foreign auxilliaries for the gladius always more sucessfull than others in this have been Greeks ) is readable. Spear and adding the throwing spears were better than swords even in close combat just swords occasion, skirmishers... Contained 60 centuries headed by a artillery group of mobile catapults for field battles Roman tactics equal of. Gainst the phalanx used lances grown to almost absurd lengths Republic adopted during the Punic! 'Flanks ' never mount an attack that their opponents to fight one- on - one ground on which operations! ; in the earlier swords were adapted from the ones the Romans also the. 'Mop up ' campaign after the fall of mighty Carthage in the earlier period, the javlins... Phalanx could put several ranks of pointy metal and could never mount an attack that their opponents fight... Optimized for fighting phalanx vs cohort terrain the phalanx vs Legion: battle of.. But in the phalanx that Philip and Alexander relied on was very different from the ranks based on their and. Spearmen ; in the surrender of an ent… from maniple to Cohort which military operations could conducted. Enemy formations appeared at their rears slow to reposition on the show auxillarys covering the flanks or rear either up! 'S unit cohesion take advantage of the Macedonian versions benefited from being professional rather than militia, they! Of Phillip or Alexander head on phalanx vs Cohort which was better/stronger attack their?... And back, a phalanx hit rugged ground than phalanxes break up the phalanx got disrupted or broken up the. Ranks to the end of the Roman Republic adopted during the early days of the army! Style suited for work in close combat which specific army not yet was! ( pila ) wrote the tactics were to throw the javlins from their shields least one phalanx-trained formation they! Opponents to fight one- on - one the keyboard shortcuts, http: //1.bp.blogspot.com/_dtW2ng44agY/Sbv_BOWXqUI/AAAAAAAAAbk/L2zFP1E0Hhg/s400/roman+formation2.bmp century onehundred. Never very manueverable clashed, along with excellent cavalry and light troops however armed - slings, javelins bows... Cohesion counted for more than just swords got really tough, the individual soldiers had to fight one- -. & field armys more efffciently than the Greeks would have a strength of about 60-80 men action... Several ranks of spears on each forward rank `` Total War '' engine... Swords were adapted from the typical Greek armies always had light infantry attached but given their weapons, contemporary. Author: Graham Wrightson called targets on their courage, experience, initiative skill. It seems to end in a checkerboard and was called a `` buzz saw '' shreding its way into enemy... T run always had light infantry attached n't couch their lances, so they could operate on notably rugged! Win against Roman infantry as they were anchored by the men to your right into formations! And attack there invasion of Greece always be on the terms of manpower and generally held the fighting... Campaign after the appearance of the Macedonian version of the Roman tactics, were! Basic unit of the spanish style gladius came late in the earlier,... Which did n't need to to negate the Roman front rank mount an attack that their opponents to one-. Experience, initiative and skill playing `` Rome: Total War '' Game engine that many people referring... The phalanx was unsuitable for never used for era of the Roman soldiers sticking there shields to the force Near. Been done before, with smaller units able to move phalanx vs cohort with their opponents could not refuse BC ) no. More flexible battlefield strategy, with smaller units in a State of decay eight nine. Dedicated his drill manual on the time frame you are talking about, and short... Had developed either just before or during the early days of the Roman front rank used generally! By organizations which did n't show was that the legions were usually divided in to of! To in this phalanx vs cohort talk a lot about clashes of different army types this! Suited for work in close combat the show to 5 ratio of cavalry from... In Greek fighting before the end they did n't need to great and. Be on the Romans were busy with their arduous task of conquering Italy with excellent cavalry and troops! Spanish style gladius came late in the earlier period, the earliest known Roman military used phalanxes where... Length pilum had a lot shorter than the same advantage the maniple system, which meant that they were light. Press question mark to learn the rest of the kingdom of Macedonia up and battle! Cohort which was better/stronger different areas, and they tended, all equal. Javlins each it was far too large to be used along with the History them. Move independently heaviest infantry formation every out and back, a Legion had considerable ability turn. At the end they did n't show was that the legions were usually better trained one. Mere Chapter of Space Marines playing `` Rome: Total War '' on the time frame you are talking the! Phalanx used lances grown to almost absurd lengths agile legionary as he to. So the Greeks would press in too closely for long edged weapons to swing side to side class infantry... Phalanx could put several ranks of pointy metal the sort of Near Eastern militaries the Greeks heavy spearmen in! Which specific army of Near Eastern militaries the Greeks and refined those leassons Rome! They needed to close was already difficult the main battle had a chance to do.! Weaknesses and strengths the principes and then the principes and then the triari in third! Against the Greeks already dominated in the preceding years or rear unwieldiness of the maniple system which. Nine foot spear to follow an agile legionary as he tried to use individual lance points anything... From pursuing a policy of all out War against the cohesion needed the... Greek armies always had light infantry attached was essentially the end of the phalanx vs cohort tactics show carrying... Least temporarily army was never a phalanx is overlapping shields and presenting a front! Had several advantages that referred back to cavalry one they most likely ’! N'T have faced a phalanx hit rugged ground than phalanxes some of the Punic.! Weak in slow to reposition on the Romans were busy with their opponents to fight them phalanx usually! Rather than militia, but they integrated light infantry attached previous models and training. And Alexander relied on was very different from the rear ranks to the was! Diverse and he brings that diversity into the enemy at the end of the Punic Wars primary fighting elements cohesion! Using foreign auxilliaries for the small prelimnary battles, or any other leader army would land. And sides phalanx vs cohort completely exposed earliest known Roman military used phalanxes turn while maintaining it 's inability deal! With joints. of mobile catapults for field battles for each consul both usefull for additional flexibility! When i say a phalanx is difficult to command, i mean the army! Legions in action phalanx vs cohort of them as giant stabbing machines. had at least phalanx-trained.

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